I am inspired to write this post because it speaks to millions of you out there who have gone through so much in trying to get better at this game. Maybe some of you are coming from dozens of lessons, books, and youtube videos and you just can't seem to figure it out. Chances are that you've either tried to get into certain positions, or had certain thoughts but yet they still don't work or they're short-lived.
After having taught thousands of lessons, over the almost 20 years I've been teaching, I've have begun to increasingly implement a more muscular awareness approach to changing the characteristics of the swing. More and more these days, I've not been trying to get students into positions, but started more manual manipulation of the body to helps students trigger the right muscles and muscle groups in the correct sequence. I am noticing more substantial improvement when I talk about the correct muscles in the motion rather than the motion itself just to get into a particular position. For example: is it the palm of the lead wrist that takes the club back or the outer muscles of the trail wrist? Is it the peck muscle or the trail latt? Should you push off into your lead leg or trail? And also what sequence do all these muscles fire? Here's some food for thought? If you could ever step inside of your favorite gofer's body and feel exactly which muscles they're using in the swing, don't you think you could replicate it far more accurately? That's the approach that I've been taking more as of recent. It's been helping my students tremendously.
But not only showing what positions my students need to get into but exactly which muscles need to be used to get there. And I'm not just talking about simple descriptions, I'm talking about very detailed information as to which exact muscle and when they should fire. It is amazing to see that my students are shocked at their before and after videos of how using the correct muscles will show them swing a lot more like the pros and the positions starting looking better on video analysis as well as in pressure plate traces.
This post should be valuable to all those who are reading it because I am telling you look at learning this game a lot differently. Don't get caught up into simply getting into positions for the sake of it. You need to to know what muscles are involved to a very detailed degree. You can swing into correct positions with incorrect muscle triggers and you won't hit ball well because you are not sequencing your kinematic motion like the pros.
I'm so sorry I had to write this article. A lot of you readers out there are not going to like or agree with what I have to say here. Especially those of you out there who think they can figure out the golf swing on your own. I am simply writing this after two decades of experience and what I have found to be true after having done thousands of lessons.
First let me start off by asking you some questions... Do you think it is coincidence that almost every professional player has a swing coach? Even after centuries of this game, we still have not found the "Magic Bullet" in the form of a book, a training aid, or any technology that's a solve all as it pertains to improving the golf swing. You would think that after all this time the game of golf has been around, there should be better-average golfers out there. However, in the past 30 years the average handicap of a recreational golfer has only gone down 2 strokes. One could argue that's mostly due to equipment innovation.
The fact is that most golfers have this idea that they can simply practice golf, read books, magazines or other youtube videos and somehow magically improve their swing. I am not saying it is impossible, but I am saying it's highly unlikely. The typical reaction I get time and time again when I am trying to go over swing changes with a student is astonishment! "There is no way I'm supposed to swing like that! It feels like just arms! I thought I was supposed turn my hips," "I thought I was supposed to cock my wrists like this" or "Aren't you supposed to keep you head down." These are just a few of the many ways the misinterpretation of the golf swing has kept golfers from getting better. That why it is so important to have a seasoned coach show you your swing as compared to the best players in the world. You have to remember, golfers come in different shapes and sizes, golf is one of the few sports where you can actually move more like a professional.
Feel is different that Real
When first showing my students their swings, most of them are surprised because of how drastically different they look compared to a pros. And again, when putting them through swing changes, they can swear they look even funnier. However, after awhile of grooving the correct feels and watching their improvement, they are confident in the fact that they look much better and after some more time getting used to the feels they actually feel more free and powerful. Here is an example of a student who completely could not believe the difference in how he was changing his swing:
Time and time again, I get the response from my students, "There is no way I could have figured this on my own." It is true, the complicated kinematic sequence of the golf swing is almost too difficult to diagnose on your own unless you either have high tech 3D motion analysis or an experienced coach with technological tools at hand.
I am not trying to discourage you
Please don't take this article to heart if you are one of many who are trying to fix your own swing issues on your own. I am not trying to tell you it can't be done. However, I am trying to say that it will be unlikely, especially if you have some major issues. It is worth it to go see a seasoned coach to examine you against the professionals and see how you stack up. Also, if you are going to go about it on your own, make sure the sources that you get your information are based on research and data. There are too many resources where coaches or even players are giving their opinion. Believe it or not, even they can be wrong. Remember, feel is different than real. Make sure that the tips that you're reading regarding the kinematic sequence of the golf swing are based off of measured data of the professionals.
goes against what is popular all over the web and social media But, I stick to my guns and I know eventually the truth of what really happens in the golf swing will be validated by the masses and well, is already validated by science.
Today I'd like to share with you a video I came upon showing a field hockey player striking a ball. There are striking similarities between the motion with a field hockey stick and a golf club. If you apply these concepts to your golf swing, you will swing it better and it will feel better.
when watching the video I want you to pay special attention to the start of the golf hockey strike and around 13 seconds in on the transition. Do you notice a striking resemblance? The inspiration to want to load into the lead leg, the shallowing of the club, the flexion of the lead wrist. This is all the same characteristics in the golf swing. If You're really trying to break down the parts of the golf swing into it micro-particles, make sure that you pay attention to how it fits as a whole. My recommendation is that you understand the whole first and then chisel away the details. - Cheers!
When people first call me to set up a lesson, the most frequent question I get is, "So how long do you think it will be before I get good?" Everyone is looking for that quick fix whether it be through a youtube video, book, magazine or private lesson. However, depending on your needs and your level, real change in your swing that is true and correct is hard. Let me say that again and read this carefully, "Real change in your swing that is true and correct is hard." To further clarify, real change that alters the way your swing looks and feels to how a correct golf swing is supposed to look and feel is a lot harder than you think, especially if you have a lot of issues starting off. If you have major issues with your swing, it will almost be impossible to figure out the correct swing on your own. Yes, little tips here and there may help, but at most they will be short lived.
With all the instructional literature, golf aids and lessons, you would think that there would be a lot more people who are good at golf. But here is the reality, most of the people you play with are probably not that good at golf. What defines not good? Well that's everyone's opinion, but the Legendary Ben Hogan believed every average golfer had the ability to break 80. I also am a believer that most golfer's who with the correct fundamentals can break 80. So if you're not consistently shooting in the single digits, you're not that good. To be honest, most of that just has to do with a correct functioning swing which enables you to be consistent tee to green as well as the short game.
According to the USGA's handicap distribution, only 13% of registered players with official handicaps are capable of breaking 80 on a good day! A couple things to note, this is of all the REGISTERED players who have an official handicap, and this does NOT include recreational golfers who do not have official handicaps!
Real Change that is True and Correct
So what do I mean by real change that is true and correct. If you're making the right changes in your golf swing, they must be true according to what current research on the kinematic sequence of the golf swing has found. the correct changes that an instructional program or tip provides must make sure that the changes you're making align with the research. Another more practical way to to see if you are making those changes is if your professional instructor shows you how your swing has progressed into the movement patterns of the best players in the world. Yes, there are slight variations, but according to 3D motion and vector plate data, almost all successful PGA swings follow the same movement patterns.
Again, are the changes you're working on really changing the way your swing looks? Are you still early extending? Are you still falling off balance? Are you still casting? Are you still over-swinging? Are you still coming in steep? Are you looking closer and closer to a model swing? The changes you're making should reflect that. If you're not, whatever it is that you're doing is just messing up your swing even more. You're going to find yourself having wasted a lot of time and still frustrated with this game.
If you've got bad habits, changing your swing into the correct motion is often very difficult. Many students who come to me never believe that changes I make them go through because they do not FEEL right. However, they are amazed when I compare their before and after swings and how it translates into straighter and farther shots. Butch Harmon states when making swing changes, "Feel is different than real." Don't waste your time trying to find a quick solution to your swing faults, they will never work in the long run. Invest some time into some quality lessons to get real change. You will definitely enjoy this game a lot more.
This article is for those of you who are not in Southern California because if you were, I would obviously be telling you to come get golf lessons from me :)
What advice would I give someone shopping around for golf coaches? You don't want to make the mistake of getting stuck paying for lessons with a coach you may not get along with or who you really may not be learning anything from. If you're serious about golf, you should be serious about finding an instructor that's actually going to help you. I don't care how cheap or expensive he/she may be, nothing's going to matter if you're still shooting the same stinky score and struggling with the same misses you've had; It's really just going to be wasted time and money. Read on to save yourself a lot of frustration, time and money when learning this game.
#1 Watch Them Teach! One of the very first things I advise golfers to do when looking for a coach in their local area is to go watch them teach! It's free! There's no harm in watching an instructor from a distance at the range. Some instructors will also gladly let you sit in on a lesson so you can get the feel for what it's like. I always welcome any potential students to come and watch me teach to get an idea of how I work with different abilities and levels. If a teacher is not inclined to let you watch, then I would be suspicious. And, "No" it's not because they don't want you to be getting free tips, the chances of those tips he's giving another golfer solving your swing issues are almost none anyways.
#2 Do they offer some sort of Customer Satisfaction? Does the instructor have any client protection services in play in case you really don't like how the lesson went? You just purchased a series of lessons for hundreds of dollars, you take the very fist lesson and you really don't like how it went for whatever reason; maybe the the instructor was rude, maybe he/she was just telling you to do the same thing for an hour straight and it's not working. And maybe you just wanted to quit the lessons and get your money back because you felt it wasn't worth it. Does the instructor have any type of guarantees that can make sure you're getting what you asked for and if not, your money back? Most instructors who are confident in their abilities will give you some type of assurance that you will see results in the first few lessons. If not I would be concerned.
#3 Do they use any tools? Be very careful with this one because as I wrote in an earlier post, the use of tools is not the solution, it only helps the instructor gain more insight to your swing movements. However, assuming that the instructor uses some type of tools whether it be launch monitoring tools, vector plates, or 3D motion analysis, it shows that the instructor is also certified in providing more insight and be on a more accurate path to helping golf game. It's almost impossible to see exactly what the body is doing with just the naked eye. The use of technology has really advanced to give players and their coaches some insight to what's really going on in the swing, so finding a progressive coach who keeps up with the latest technology and coaching strategies is only going to be to your advantage.
#4 Meet with as many of them as you can. Make a list of all the coaches you'd potentially want lessons from. Give them a call, schedule a meeting with them. Ask them whatever questions you wish to help you narrow down your choice.
#5 Ask others. Most of my lessons come from word of mouth. Throughout history, it's been one of the most powerful ways for someone to get connected to a service or product. When you're at the range or on the golf course ask around for any recommendations of a good coach. Remember, don't just ask for "A" coach, but ask around to see if anyone knows who's really good in the area. Did you just play a round with someone hitting the golf ball right down the middle and far? Ask him/her how they got so good? Who was their coach? Do you see someone hitting the green flag at the range time and time again? Ask him, who was/is his coach and don't forget to ask him if they're good.
#6 Price Mistake. One of the biggest mistakes I see people getting into is making price a determining factor when picking a coach. Let me ask you something, would you pay for a year's worth of golf lessons to a coach who barely taught you anything, just because he/she was a fraction of the cost of another coach? Or would you have used that same amount of money to have gotten coaching for 3 months with enormous improvement? If you're serious about your golf game, be serious about your golf coach. I'm not saying that good coaches are expensive, I'm just saying make sure you're picking who you think you'll really benefit from. In the end, you'll just end up having wasted your time and money. In a worse case scenario, you can actually have gotten worse after getting lessons. In contrast don't make the mistake of thinking someone who charges an arm and a leg is necessarily better either.
#6 Reflect on your Progress and don't be afraid to make a change.
Here is a story of a typical student/coach dynamic.... Student gets lessons. Then within his first few lessons he sees some improvement. After about a month or two, the student finds that the changes were short lived or that they're kind of stuck improving and it's really hard to get better from there. Anyone reading this post can relate to the frustrations that come about finding long term improvement with golf lessons. Most people will find a road block or "Plateauing," in their golf progress.
Here are some things to keep in mind, if you're finding yourself lost and you don't feel that you will improve, if you don't have a goal or a clear picture of where you're going with your swing, chances are you're not going to get there. A good coach will guide you through where you need to be and each lesson should have that goal in mind a plan to tackle it. If you feel that you and/or your coach is lacking in that direction then it's completely ok to go look for second opinions. There is no harm in finding other coaches who you think may help you more. Only do this however, after you've given your current coach a fair chance; have you practiced the way he's told you? Have you been going to your lesson consistently? You've not given your coach a fair chance unless you've done your due diligence. I would say a good 8-12 lessons is a fair chance for you to see if the coach is going to continue to help you. Remember, even if you go off and see other coaches, you can always come back to the one you liked the best!
Misinterpretation of golf training technology and aids still prevents golfers from gaining long term changes.
With the number of technology and training aids for improving our golf game, many people make the mistake in thinking it will solve their swing issues but in reality may be more deeply rooted issues. There are many training tools and technology out there that can do what it is intended for i.e., getting your wrists set, making the club pass through a slot, keeping your butt stuck to a chair, building swing speed etc... but remember this game is plagued with instruction that offer fixes that only seem to last temporarily. Please do not misunderstand me, I believe each technology and use it in my own practice, but it is important to understand that these tools give us insight and data into what's happening the golf swing, not necessarily provide the correct fix.
Let's take for example one the most popular pieces of technology, a club face and golf ball launch monitoring tool such as Trackman. This type of technology gives you data on what the golf ball and club face is doing at impact. Such technology is more beneficial for top level golfers because the adjustments they have to make are usually more minimal than the average player. For example, a top level golfer who sees that he has a high club face closure rate may simply need to adjust his setup and grip whilst an amateur might just be forcefully trying to hold his club-face open through impact not realizing that the problem is more deeply rooted core body mechanics. Another example could be that a golfer finds that his golf ball is spinning too much on his drives, so his instructor advises the player to "Supinate the wrists more and swing through more from the inside," not realizing that the problem is actually that the shoulders need to go back steeper to allow for the golfer a less reason to cast out at the ball on the downswing. See, I'm not saying that the fixes that you try will not create the results you're trying to achieve, but again watch out to see if this fix is temporary and feels hard to repeat. My view is that if the changes aren't lasting and it's also taking a toll on your body to get into, then you're just manipulating and those changes won't hold up under pressure.
This incorrect diagnosis vs. prescription relationship is described above is also true in 3d motion monitoring software as well. You will find this type of technology in what is called "Gears" or "Golftec." This is my favorite type of technology because it provides accurate body motion and measurements so you can compare them to professionals. However, question the way in which you or your swing coach go about interpreting that data to provide a fix. Here's an example and many of you reading may have experienced something like this... let's say that the 3d motion software is showing that your hips are too level and over rotating in the backswing, so as what you think is a simple fix what you do is start holding your hips steadier and pointing your hips down. Yes, the monitoring software shows that you hips are in a better condition and you might even start hitting it better for awhile, but was that the right fix? How do you know that the problem is not actually coming from improper lead arm adduction angle caused by that fanning of the club-face creating a tendency to chase the club with your hips creating a too level and over rotated backswing?
Again, my point is that it is important to understand that a measurement tool just provides you data into how you're moving compared to a professional in a quantitative way. However, one should be careful on how best to use that information because there can be several ways you can attempt to fix a particular problem and in my experience, most problems arise from a more deeply rooted issues regarding the entire golf motion as a whole.
So how does one know what course of action to take when attempting to fix certain flaws in their swing? To answer this question it's important to differentiate between a body motion itself and the feelings associated with that motion. Here is a common example, when given the instructions such as "Turn you shoulders" many people will twist their waist or overly tilt their spine angle because of an overly active trail side. They have no idea that the golf swing should always start from a move off the lead side, and that it is a chain of sequencing starting with their lead leg that yields a proper backswing. But, many people get this wrong because they are interpreting their idea of "Turn your shoulders" ambiguously. You will never get the shoulder turn right if your aren't engaging the correct body motions in sequence! Therefore you will never have a correct backswing.
The example described of above is on of many of the misinterpretations that can happen when golfers are finding a solution to their incorrect body motions. So in short make sure that the motions you are attempting to do align with what the proper feels in the golf swing should be. I've had many players come to me to what looks like a more correct swing yet they are not using the muscle sequencing what they are feeling internally is way different than that of a world class ball striker.
Through technology, research and empirical evidence for over 17 years of my own instruction, I can prove that some of the best ball strikers swing with the mechanics that I have been describing. (In the near future, I plan on starting a youtube video to further explain what I'm teaching, however in the meantime please refer to my instagram to find the correlating videos. I have 3 world class players i.e., Mcilroy, Stenson, and Woods who I refer to for this post)
This article is a continuation of an earlier post entitled "Golf is a System of Gears." In the previous article, I talk about how the correct swing is achieved by the rolling of feet and the hips in the golf swing and how it creates a gear and lever type of feeling as if you're pedaling a bike rather than a spinning type of feeling in the golf swing such as a merry go round. See, my assumption is that the explanation of the golf swing has been misinterpreted in many ways throughout the history of golf instruction.
This article will attempt to explain the nuances in common golf instruction as well as common misinterpretations of the golf swing that has kept people from getting better at this game and sometimes even have gotten better players to get worse! Over the years, people have misinterpreted the common language used to describe the swing with words such as rotation, turn, pivot, lag, etc. It is imperative that one understands that these descriptions are not a means to an end, but the end itself! To further clarify, rotation, turn, lag, torque, staying in your spine angle, getting into "The slot," "Shallowing out the club path," "Squaring the clubface," I mean you name it.. Whatever term you have heard to describe how you should swing is something that happens as a result, not something you purposely do.
To further clarify, let me try to explain some of the most common mistakes golfers make in their swings.
Swing Misinterpretation #1. "Turn your shoulders." This misinterpretation is probably responsible for 90% of all incorrect golf swings. it most often leads to a a too flat of a shoulder turn.
Correction: "In your backswing, let your lead arm swing underneath your trail shoulder so that your lead shoulder will create leverage against your shoulder and chest early on in the swing, further your shoulder will create leverage against your trail hip creating a slight tilt down of your lead hip accordingly." Get this move right and it will appear as if your shoulders are turning and here's the difference, you'll look like Pga Tour Player. this move is not to be confused with the reverse pivot which is just way too much left side bend on the backswing in combination with too much weight into the toes of your trail leg.
Swing Misinterpretation #2. "On the downswing, swing the club to the inside to purposely shallow out the golf swing, get it into the slot!" This one most often goes hand in hand with, "Clear you hips!" as well as, "Lay Down the Club!" This one is killing golfers, you think PGA Tour players are purposely doing this? You think Tiger was intently doing this when he was toddler striping it everytime? No, but I'll tell you what he was doing..
Correction: On the downswing, feel your lead leg, hips and arm working downward. Feel an enormous amount of pressure toward your lead side on the downswing, planting your lead leg into the ground with a tremendous amount of force. The thought here is downward pressure, not an outward motion at the ball. If you do this correctly the club look as though it's coming into the inside like a PGA Tour player.
Misinterpretation #3. The very famous, "Stay in your spine angle." "Do not early extend in your golf swing." Otherwise known as "Goat Humping." You'll probably find hundreds of videos out there trying to show you how to correct this swing flaw, usually by sticking some apparatus behind your lead butt cheek and trying to turn around there. In fact, it will probably cause more injury and will feel forced. The more and more you try to keep you spine angle, the worse it will get!
Correction description: Your backswing and downswing has to feel more linear. The backswing and downswing is a combination of a pressure shift to the trail leg toward the heel followed by a pressure shift toward the lead leg toward the heel. This, to most golfers who are not will feel like a sight sway in the hips. However, if this motion is extended the the arms and shoulders correctly, the arms and body feel more like a lever and when the lever drops, the body appears to be rotating and creating the look that all the professionals have i.e., "Clearing of the hips," "Open body and impact," "Maintaining spine angle," "Shallowing club path," etc. This one is definitely a littler harder to describe, but the feeling is more that that the left side slips away through impact.
I tried to do my best to describe a just a few of the misinterpretations in the golf swing that I've been finding online. I highly recommend that you follow my instagram for more updates on my students progress as well as some interesting clips I've put up that challenge the common teaching methods that are still prevalent today. Hopefully it will be eye opening and lead you to a more fun filled type with this sport!!
Affirmation through a twitter conversation
Hey everybody! It's been a long while since I've posted on here. I'm always trying to make sure that the things I post are meaningful even though they maybe few and far in between :)
So a little while ago I decided to reach out to Kevin Kisner on twitter. For those of you who don't know, Kevin Kisner is on the PGA tour but was struggling player on the WEB.COM tour a few years prior. He decided he really needed to change things to consistently perform on the PGA tour. He has since teamed up with a swing coach and friend named John Tillery who has helped him to reach the 24th position in the World Golf Rankings and 11th in the FedEx Cup standings at the time of writing this article.
I reached out to Kevin on twitter because I was intrigued by the fact that he attributed so much of his improvement with his work with John Tillery. I found out about John after doing extensive research on "Boditrak." Boditrak is a great swing instrument that measures the Center of Pressure forces in the golf swing. Ground force mapping has been one of the most overlooked parts of the golf swing until recently. I was reaching out to Kevin because I wanted to discuss further the swing tip articles he's written for Golf.com and PGAtour.com. I specifically wanted to address what he was talking about when he said, "Right palm thrusting away from he target." This language was unfamiliar to me and after picking his brain a little more, it was affirmed that my previous notion of that thrusting is analogous to the downward pressure that the right palm and arm should have on the downswing. this motion is in tandem with the force that the left leg and left foot (heel) exert no the ground on the downswing as well.
(look at the tweet response from Kevin above and you'll see he give a drill for this)
What does this mean to the normal golfer trying to improve? It means that the swing works purely downward. The idea that you twist you body back and forth is what has caused centuries of bad instruction and millions of incompetent golfers. To put it another way, imagine a ferris wheel as opposed to a merry-go-round. Imagine the difference in the downward force! The second you think of a golf swing as a merry-go-round you're screwed. Your body has to work purely downward and you will begin to feel what a real golf swing should feel like.
Have you ever had a lesson or incorporated a golf tip where you started hitting the ball so great that you thought you figured something out? Then you realize after a couple of days or at best a couple weeks that the swing tip is not helping anymore?
The funny thing is that you know you're not doing anything differently right? But, you can't hit like you did during that one round or practice range session. Why does this happen?
The reason why this happens is because the tips and or fixes that you are working on are what I call superficial fixes (explained in earlier articles). It's like trying to make a car with a flat tire go straight by adjusting its alignment when you really need a new tire! Generally speaking, if the tip you're working on deals with only one part of your body e.g., "keep you head still," "Straighten you left arm," "Keep your right leg still," etc. it is a superficial fix. However, when working on movements on a foundational level, more permanent changes will start to occur.
Instead of getting to the root of the problem on a fundamental level, superficial fixes often create the motion with brute force! This often puts strain on your body and what you get is an awkward and unnatural version of what you think the swing should look like.
When teaching my students the correct swing motions at the foundational level, all the other positions fall that people are trying to get into fall in place a lot more easier. All of a sudden it's not so hard to stop from swaying, or moving your heard; You will find it easier to stay in the correct posture; you will realize that your left arm will tend to get straighter and your balance will improve; You will swing with less effort because you feel more powerful, your swing will look more natural etc.
In conclusion, don't get caught up into golf positions and tips as an end in and of itself. Make sure that the changes you are making incorporate the whole body and not simply a section of it. The only swing fix worth trying is one that will last.
After 15 years of teaching golf, one of the biggest complaints I get from my new students is "I can hit it well on the range but not on the course" or "The swing changes I make only last for a few days." If this is you, don't worry you're not the only one.
The reason why this is happening is because of two things: #1 the changes you are making are what I call are superficial changes and #2 Even if you are making the correct changes, you do not know how to mentally implement them in stressful playing conditions." An example could be the typical golfer who changes their grip only to find that it's only helped fo a few days, or the golfer who is able to swing in balance on the range but keeps falling all over the place on the course.
You will know real change when you see the results on the course. These changes come about when you work on the motion of the body as a whole unit, not just a superficial change e.g., in you grip, your left arm position, or right foot etc. If you learn golf or any complicated movement in this way, you end up feeling like you're doing an awkward robot dance! When you want to create lasting changes, you have to start with the motion of the body as a whole. When you learn golf this way, your grip, stance, posture, head position, and overall swing will form itself. Think about it this way: If one were to sculpt a statue the sculptor starts with the general mold of what the finished product is going to look like and then carves out the details later; In designing a car, you build the whole frame and chasis around the specs of the engine not the other way around. Don't be fooled, in golf instruction you will find that there are a lot of myths that are ruining your swing, learning the corrections will be eye opening!! Don't take my word for it, watch how my student's swings all have the classic golf swing look to them, this is not coincidence, they didn't get into that form with complicated motions, in fact many of them were able to get into those positions after the very first lesson. Then from there, making minor adjustments became a lot more natural.
This brings me to address my point #2, how do you take newly built swing and take it on the course? You must take time to practice these new motions on the course, preferably with your coach from time to time to make sure you are not going back to you old habits. It is when you're able to pass the threshold of Stress Induced Muscle-Memory where you will really start to see change on the course. Basically, your body needs to be able to trust your new motions on the golf course and you must mentally feel the postive results. The more you do this, the more you will be able to change your muscle firing patterns. I can't tell you the amount of times I can get a person to swing certain way on the range, but when I take them to the course, it all goes south! Part of Danny Lee Golf Instruction addresses strategies on how to re-wire you brain to accept the changes you've made during your practice sessions.